To do in November
Feed annuals with a liquid fertiliser every two to three weeks. Try Nitrosol,
Multifeed P or Phostrogen. Dead-head regularly. Red spider could make an
appearance now, so be on the lookout for that. Look on the underside of
leaves. Snails and slugs will be on the warpath too. Scatter snailbait in
the late afternoon after watering.
These quick-growing summer-flowering annuals can be sown now:
Eschscholtzia californica (Californian poppy)
Iberis umbellata (candytuft)
Although it seems crazy to think about winter gardening in
the middle of summer, it's time to start sowing some winter-flowering seed.
Ornamental kale and primula malacoides for example.
Dead-head regularly. Mulch with compost around each plant and don't be mean!
A 10cm layer will do wonders for your plants, keeping the roots cool and
moist. You wont have to water as often. Never allow the roots to dry out
completely though. This is particularly important in winter-rainfall areas
where rainfalls are few and far between. Divide primroses when they've
Seed of the following perennials can be sown now in seed trays:
Achillea millefolium (yarrow)
Felicia amelloides (blue daisy)
Aquilegia caerulea (columbine)
Argyranthemum (chrysanthemum) hybrids
Argyranthemum maximum (chrysanthemum) (Shasta daisy)
Aster novi-belgii (Michaelmas daisy)
Bellis perennis (English daisy)
Cerastium tomentosum (snow in summer)
Gaillardia x grandiflora
Gerbera jamesonii (Barberton daisy)
Papaver orientale (Oriental poppy)
Primula x polyantha (primula acaulis)
Primula veris (primrose)
Viola odorata (sweet violet)
As the foliage of winter-flowering bulbs dies down, some
can be lifted and stored.
Summer flowering bulbs should be watered at least once a
week. Never let them dry out.
If you have Amaryllis planted in the garden, watch out for
the amaryllis caterpillar (lily borer). Use Karbaspray or similar, but only
spray the affected plants. Amaryllis make perfect pot plants too.
Cannas should be fed once a month. Scatter one tablespoon of 2:3:2 around
each clump. Water deeply once a week.
Feed dahlias once a month with a liquid fertiliser such as
Multifeed P, Nitrosol or Phostrogen. Hose down the foliage to discourage red
spider. Stake the plants as they grow.
Irises can be lifted and divided as they finish flowering.
Keep the soil around liliums well-mulched to keep the roots
cool and feed once a month with a liquid fertiliser. Tie the growing stems
to firm stakes.
Feed your lawn every 4 to 6 weeks with 3:2:1(28)(SR), a slow-release
fertiliser that wont burn the lawn. Mow at least once a week. Twice is
better! Change the direction in which you mow often to prevent ridges and
uneven growth. Water in the early morning so that it can dry out by the
Softwood cuttings can still be taken. Water during dry
weather. Always water deeply. Make a dam around the plant and water close to
the base. Let the water trickle in slowly. Lay a 10cm mulch layer of compost
or bark chips around each bush.
Fuchsias will need watering every two or three days now.
Pinch back to encourage more flowers. Feed once a month with a liquid
Hydrangeas need regular watering. In very hot weather, hose
down the foliage. Feed once a month with a liquid fertiliser or 1 tablespoon
of 2:3:2 per bush. Water in well.
Dead-head regularly. Cut back to the first leaf with 5
leaflets and a dormant bud pointing in the direction that you want the new
shoot to grow. Give each plant a large handful of 8:1:5 granular fertiliser
or an organic equivalent. Watch out for all sorts of pests. Remove beetles
by hand rather than spraying, if you've go the time and patience!
If you're lucky enough to be able to grow bananas, feed
each plant with 30g of 3:1:5, scattered around the root area. Mulch and
Cape gooseberry seeds can be sown now in winter rainfall
Scale on citrus trees can be sprayed with a light mineral
oil, or wiped with a cloth dipped in methylated spirits. If you notice a
green caterpillar with bright orange "horns" munching the leaves, leave it
alone. It's called the "orange dog" and turns into a beautiful yellow and
black butterfly. Of course if there are too many, you'll have to remove them
or you wont have much of a tree left!
Once all the fruit of Mulberries has been picked, feed each
tree with 2kg of 3:1:5 scattered around the root area. Start 10cm from the
stem and scatter out a little beyond the dripline of the branches.
Rasberries should be mulched with well rotted manure or
compost. If you use compost, feed with 2:3:2. Never let the plants dry out.
Water regularly and feed once a month with a liquid
fertiliser. Plant new batches once a month for a continuous supply. Many
vegetables can be sown now throughout the country. Ask your nurseryman for
advice, or read the seed packets next time you visit your nursery.
Tie tomatoes to stakes using twist-ties or rafia. Don't use
fishing line - it'll damage the stems especially if you're in a windy area.
Pick beans twice a week to encourage the plant to keep
bearing. The less you pick, the less it will bear. Don't pick when the
plants are wet, though. The leaves are more likely to be attacked by fungi
if they're handled when wet.
In sub-tropical areas, plant sweetcorn and make a last
planting of cucumbers./td>